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Mayak / Маяк

In 1954, by decree of the government, the First State Precision Jewel Factory (ТТК-1) was formally renamed “Petrodvorets Watch Factory” with the intention of producing high-quality pocket and wristwatches for men. This lead to a proliferation of discrete brands in the second half of the 1950s, all powered by Petrodvorets movements. These brands included Baltika, Leningrad, Mayak, Neva, Russia, Start, and Svet.

The Mayak brand (Маяк, meaning "lighthouse") was produced primarily by Petrodvorets Watch Factory, but also by First Moscow Watch Factory. It's generally possible to tell which factory manufactured a given Mayak, as Petrodvorets usually put their company logo on the dial, while 1MWF omitted this feature. All watches relied on the caliber 2603 movement, a shockproofed version of the ubiquitous Pobeda caliber. 

The Mayak brand was retired around 1962, when the vast majority of Petrodvorets Watch Factory brands were consolidated under a single trademark: Raketa. Similar watches continued to be produced thereafter, but only under the Raketa name.

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