ZIM / ЗИМ (Maslennikov Watch Factory)

In 1906, the Russian Emperor Nicholas II issued an official decree entitled, “On the construction of military plants at public funds”. The result was the establishment of the Provisional Economic Commission for the construction of the Samara Pipe Factory. The same year, construction began on another plant which would produce aluminium tube and capsule sleeves for three-inch rapid-fire guns. By September, 1911, the factory was completed, and workers celebrated the grand opening of the Second Pipe Factory in Samara, Russia.  

 

The Second Pipe Factory staffed some 2500 workers and was primarily responsible for producing fuses for artillery shells. The factory was so large that a residential village was established nearby. This settlement was aptly named, “Workers”. The plant closed briefly in 1918, then reopened in 1923 under a new name, Maslennikov, named after the first chairman of the Samara City Council, Alexander Maslennikov. (The full factory name, Завод имени Масленникова, is often abbreviated ЗИМ, or ZIM). During World War II, ZIM fulfilled orders from the Ministry of Defence to produce ammunition for the armed forces.

 

After the war, ZIM began production of civilian goods, namely the caliber 2602 watch movement intended for Pobedas. This caliber entered production in 1950 and continued to be produced until the factory eventually shuttered in the early-2000s. With a production spanning over five decades, this made the ZIM caliber 2602 the longest-produced caliber of any Soviet watch movement.

 

Beginning in the 1960s, production at ZIM expanded greatly to included electronic devices, medical equipment, sewing machines, and automobile parts. Specialized subdivisions of ZIM were responsible for building residential houses, schools, kindergartens, dormitories, restaurants, and sports facilities. Given the sheer size of the plant and the enormous number of factory employees, ZIM developed an urban transportation route including tram, bus, and trolley lines.

 

In the 1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, ZIM was in deep financial crisis. By the late-90s, the plant’s total debt reached about 1 billion rubles. In 2005, the factory declared bankruptcy, and by June 30th, 2006, the factory had shuttered. While a few of the original buildings connected to the plant remain today, the majority of the factory now stands in ruins.

(Sources: 1, 2)

 

ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171xxx Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171xxx Year: 1980 Notes: 1980 Moscow Olympics Commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 173xxx Year: 1975 Notes: 30 Years WWII commemorative (Victory Day), Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171xxx Year: 1975 Notes: 1945-1975 Commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171xxx Year: 1975 Notes: 1945-1975 Commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171xxx Year: 1975 Notes: 1945-1975 Commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Year: 1972 Notes: "50 Years CCCP" commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Year: 1972 Notes: "50 Years CCCP" commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171076 Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171076 Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171058 Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171029 Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171xxx Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 181022 Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171xxx Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model 173xxx Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Year: 1977 Notes: Salyut 4 Commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1980 Notes: 1980 Moscow Olympics Commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1972 Notes: 50 Years USSR commemorative, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Model: 171xxx Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 171069 Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Model: 161xxx Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Model: 161071 Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM / ЗИМ
ZIM / ЗИМ

Caliber: 2602 (15 jewels) Year: 1970s Notes: Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM Alarm Clock
ZIM Alarm Clock

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Model: 196 ЧС Year: 1970s Notes: Derived from Signal-601 / Signal-402 alarm radio, Kamensk-Urals Instrument Factory

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ZIM Camera Clock
ZIM Camera Clock

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Year: 1960s Notes: Instrument or aircraft gun camera clock, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM Camera Clock
ZIM Camera Clock

Caliber: 2608 (15 jewels) Year: 1960s Notes: Instrument or aircraft gun camera clock, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM Pocket Watch
ZIM Pocket Watch

Caliber: ЧК-6 (Type-1) Year: 1950 Notes: Pocket watch, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM Pocket Watch
ZIM Pocket Watch

Caliber: ЧК-6 (Type-1) Year: 1949 Notes: Pocket watch, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM Pocket Watch
ZIM Pocket Watch

Caliber: ЧК-6 (Type-1) Year: 1940s Notes: Pocket watch, early gilt movement, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM Pocket Watch
ZIM Pocket Watch

Caliber: ЧК-6 (Type-1) Year: 1950s Notes: Pocket watch, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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ZIM Pocket Watch
ZIM Pocket Watch

Caliber: ЧК-6 (Type-1) Year: 1948 Notes: Pocket watch, Maslennikov Watch Factory (ZIM)

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